Call For Papers
4th international WORKSHOP 2013 – RURAL RESEARCH & PLANNING GROUP (RRPG)
“Rural Transformation and Institutional Development”
BANDUNG, Indonesia. September 9-10, 2013
Organized by: Institut Teknologi Bandung, Universitas Islam Bandung, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, and Universitas Diponegoro
Rural transformation has been an important issue in many countries since more than forty years ago. Rural transformation refers to social, political, economic, cultural and institutional change of rural system over a period of time as a product of interaction between internal and external key drivers. Diversification of the rural economy toward non-agricultural sectors is considered as a main characteristic of rural transformation. Under a high pressure for transformation, rural areas are no longer a center of agricultural activities. The fast growing of manufacturing and service sector offers various non agriculture job opportunities.
The previous research show that rural transformation resulted in serious consequences for the life of rural people (Planning Commission of India, 2010). It makes rural areas are under high pressure for the change of land use, economic and social activities, cultural and institutional design. Agricultural mechanization, monetization, commoditization, and out-migration are among the key factors driving rural transformation in the last two decades (Gibson, 2010).
In addition to domestic factors, the process is stimulated further by globalization that increases interaction between rural areas and the outside world. Globalization encourages the transformation process becoming faster and deeper. Many rural areas have changed dramatically into small town and intermediate cities in a relatively short time than before. In Indonesia, land conversion from agricultural to non-agricultural sectors has increased significantly in many parts of rural areas in the northern part of Java Island. This land conversion is followed by higher migration from rural to urban areas and the change of demographic composition of rural population showing the shift of economic activities toward manufacturing and service sectors. These shifts occurs in many parts of the world including in the new emerging economy such as India, China, Brazil and South Africa, where 25 per cent of the world’s population lives and where most of the world’s natural resources are located (Planning Commission of India, 2010)
Using Tonnies’ term, this indicates that the transformation process encourages the social and cultural change from community and to society. Understanding the current rural characteristics from a traditional perspective that looks at the rural economy and culture as a homogenous entity will fail to explain this new phenomenon. The rural cultural and economic change into heterogeneous society entailing a more transactional interaction resulted in the need for a new perspective to understand the current phenomenon of rural transformation.
This faster transformation process offers both opportunity and threat for rural life and policy development. Several rural areas have successfully taken the opportunity by encouraging the notion of local economic development and agro-based clustering policy that stimulate faster integration of rural economy into national and global economy. Rural – urban linkage has strengthened the role and contribution of rural economy in the national economy. Consequently, the rural has grown faster and the convergence between rural and urban have become more likely to occur.
By contrast, rural transformation threated seriously the sustainability of rural economy, value and local wisdom. Some areas failed to overcome this threat that makes division between rural and urban areas, even further the declining of agricultural production and environmental degradation. Value and local wisdom has faded away. The new interaction among actors on the basis of transactional process dominates most of the human relation. In addition, the rapid transformation demands new knowledge, skill and behavior of individual, family, community organization, and rural institution to respond the challenge of new emerging value, social relation and economic diversification.
While responding rapid transformation process and its consequences, the rural areas face inherited problems: poverty, lack of access to education and health services, low productivity of agricultural sector, and poor infrastructure. These classical problems make the current transformation process more complex that need an integrated rural policy.
Rural research planning group (RRPG)
Rural Research and Planning Group (RRPG) was inspired by a collaboration of Indonesian and Malaysian University colleagues to exchange experiences in rural studies and planning among the ASEAN Countries and beyond. The first International Workshop conducted at University Kebangsaan Malaysia (Kualalumpur, 4-5 October 2010) was focused on One Village One Product;the 2nd International Worksop RRPG at Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia (Semarang, 19-20 September 2011) was focused on Rural, Local Economic and SME cluster Development.Meanwhile, the 3rd International Workshop at University Sain Malaysia(Penang, 1-2 October 2012) discussed about Clustering Development in benefiting Local and Regional Society and Economic.
This 4th International Workshop of RRPG will be conducted at Institut Teknologi Bandung, Indonesia, (9-10 September 2013). It explores mainly the current issues of rural transformation and policy and to learn about the experiences of ASEAN Countries.
GOALS of the workshop
The workshop has following goals:
- To share experiences of rural development practices and innovative approaches that address the new challenges and opportunities covering many issues: spatial organization, institutional development, human resource development, infrastructure development, agro-based cluster development and management, planning process and methods.
- To explore a new challenge and opportunity of rural transformation in the context of globalization, decentralization, and technology information.
- To discuss a broader networks of various actors in encouraging rural development
date and venue
The RRPG meeting events will be held on:
Date : 9-10September 2013
Venue : – Workshop and meeting at School of Architecture, Planning and Policy Development ITB. Main Campus ITB JalanGanesha 10.Bandung. Indonesia.
– Field visit: SME and Agriculture activities in Lembang. Bandung Barat District. Indonesia.
Workshop Speakers and Participants
Workshop speakers and participants are academicians, researchers, and practitioners who have interest, competences, and relevant experiences to the development of rural, institutional development,at local, national, or international levels.
Agenda AND TOPICS
In general, the agenda of Workshop is divided into 3 activities i.e. discussion session, network meeting, and field visit of rural SME cluster.
Rural economic development and spatial organization. It covers urban-rural linkage, poverty alleviation, agro-based cluster, and rural infrastructure. The workshop explores the dynamics of demographic change and diversification of rural economy and their consequences to the issues of poverty, food security, urban-rural linkage, competitiveness of rural small-scale producers with the new forms of capitalism. Furthermore, some policies, such as agro-based cluster, rural infrastructure, spatial policies, and financial scheme will be explored.
Institutional development. This track will discuss a new design of rural institution, participatory planning and budgeting, decentralization. Horizontal and vertical coordination to manage rural development is one of challenging issue in the decentralization era. Moreover, the track will explore the challenge and opportunity of the sustainability of traditional rural institution and local wisdom in responding the influence of rapid transformation. The previous research show that the success of hard investment and infrastructure depend greatly on the design and practice of good governance, participatory and policy process. Besides addressing the inherited problems such as poverty and poor infrastructure, new rural policy and institutional design should respond the consequences of rapid transformation and the greater influence of national and global linkage due to globalization process.
Rural resources and Environmental policy: This track will explore the consequence of rapid rural transformation and development to the depletion of the rural natural resources such as land conversion, water and environmental degradation. In addition, climate change and disaster mitigation will be highlighted as current issues in rural development and planning.
Human development and social policy: This track will discuss the inherited and classical problem of rural areas such as quality of human resources and access to the education and health, housing, fresh water and infrastructure services. This track will explore new challenges, opportunities and innovative policies to address these issues in the light of rapid transformation process.
The Important Dates:
Abstract due: June 30, 2013
Notification of accepted abstracts: July 8, 2013
Paper submission due: August 26. 2013
The Workshop and Field Visit: September, 9-10, 2013
Abstract and paper should be submitted to the contact persons below.
Tubagus Furqon Sofhani/ Delik Hudalah
Regional and Rural Planning Research Group. School of Architecture, Planning and Policy Development, InstitutTeknologi Bandung (ITB)
Main Campus ITB JalanGanesha 10. Bandung. Indonesia.
Labtek IXA, 5th Floor
Telephone : (022) 2504625 ext. 108
Fax : (022) 2500046